3 Warning Signs of Impacted Wisdom Teeth

Wisdom teeth impactions happen when a wisdom tooth struggles to break through or erupt through the gums. Your wisdom teeth usually erupt around age 20. One of the complications of wisdom tooth eruptions is infection and it can happen because of their position in the mouth. Wisdom teeth are often very hard to reach with your toothbrush and floss, which means they’re not regularly cleaned properly. This can cause food, plaque and other debris to accumulate on and between the teeth, promoting bacteria growth. Decaying of neighbouring teeth, sinus issues, deterioration of the jaw, gum decay and even cysts are all possible complications from impacted wisdom teeth.

Sometimes, a wisdom tooth doesn’t erupt fully. When this happens, the tooth may be covered partially with a flap of gum tissue, which can also trap food, plaque and bacteria, resulting in a wisdom tooth infection. Understanding the signs of impacted wisdom teeth can help you know when to get proper dental help. It is also possible to detect impacted wisdom teeth early through regular dental checkups and a pan x-ray. In some situations a dentist may even recommend a patient to consider wisdom teeth removal early, even if they have not reported many problems.

If a tooth has become impacted there are an array of signs and symptoms that will alert you when something is not right. If you are experiencing any of these signs/symptoms then it is time to make an appointment to the dentist.
The 3 major warning signs of impacted wisdom teeth are:

1. Pain

2. Swelling

3. Bad taste or bad breath

Pain – Besides tooth and jaw pain, wisdom tooth impaction can cause major pain in some other areas. Wisdom teeth are located in the back of your jaw therefore lot of tension can be created in that area. They are also located just under your sinus passages and can cause pressure against those passages. You may feel pain in any of these areas:

  • Tender glands
  • Headaches
  • Neck and shoulder pain
  • Ear aches
  • Facial pain
  • Painful and bleeding gums
  • Teeth surrounding the wisdom teeth
  • Difficulty opening and closing mouth

Swelling- While most people expect swelling of gums or even along the jaw line for erupting teeth, there are more areas that might be affected. A big issue when it comes to these teeth becoming impacted is swelling in any of the following areas:

  • Around the Jaw
  • Gums
  • Glands in the Neck or Shoulder
  • Sinuses
  • Face

Bad taste– Wisdom teeth are tricky areas to clean and this is especially true as they erupt through the gums. Tiny crevices and open gums create multiple options for bacteria and debris to hide. Remember, if you continuously brush your teeth and still experience the following, you should schedule an appointment with your dentist:

  • Continuously foul smelling breath
  • Constantly having a bad taste in your mouth
  • Food consistently tasting odd or off

Visiting your dentist for regular checkups and recognizing the 3 main symptoms that occur with impacting of a wisdom tooth can help you catch problems before they start!
To have your wisdom teeth assessed today call Century Stone Dental 905-545-4833 or email info@centurystoendnetal.com

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When it comes to health-related issues, most of us don’t ignore the necessity of acknowledging they must be addressed. The same is true when it comes to oral health. Unfortunately, in an age where we turn to the internet for our information, we suddenly have become inundated with “alternative facts” and inaccurate reporting of truth.

There is easily so much access to anything you may want to find, and there are many myths perpetuated through no rhyme, reason, or logic. This is dangerous because we become susceptible to misinformation that could have catastrophic consequences.

Oral Health Myths that Aren’t True

Most people understand and agree that the basics of oral health are true: brush twice a day, floss daily, rinse with mouthwash, stay away from overly sugary foods, and maintain regular visits with your dentist. But beyond this there is more to your overall health at stake than just routine dental hygiene. So it’s time to set the record straight.

Here are 10 oral health myths you need to ignore to maintain an overall healthy lifestyle:

  1. Fluoride toothpaste is bad for your teeth.

There seems to be some controversy over the side-effects of fluoride toothpaste. While it began in the 50s and 60s, much of the controversy has subsided and the facts are coming out. However, there are still questions about its effects on health. While fluoride is a naturally occurring substance, it comes with both good and bad.

Fluoride has the ability to naturally strengthen teeth, and its use in conjunction with toothpaste or mouthwash can prove to be a benefit. However, it’s important to note that too much consumption of it can have detrimental effects. Ingesting more than 5-10 grams for an adult is excessive, and too much for a child under 8 can be harmful as well. Note: A pea-sized amount of toothpaste typically only contains .3mg of fluoride.  

  1. Sugar is the main cause of oral health problems.

We’ll agree that sugar isn’t the best thing for your oral health. But it is definitely not the only culprit. In fact, most oral health problems are actually caused by the naturally occurring oral bacteria that produce plaque buildup. This, paired with failure to maintain regular dental visits, is what leads to most oral health problems.

Just like fluoride, too much sugar will absolutely play a part in assisting with tooth decay, and this is often the result of the carbohydrates in sugary foods. As usual, it’s important to pay attention to the foods you consume as well as maintaining regular dental hygiene. And that includes visits to the dentist.

  1. Daily flossing and brushing aren’t as important as my dentist recommends.

There’s a reason oral health professionals spend years being educated in their fields, and it’s not just to receive a certificate. These are licensed doctors and practitioners, and if you want to stay healthy, it’s vital to pay attention to their advice.

Small food particles build up in the tiny crevices in your mouth and between your teeth that a toothbrush can’t always reach. If left unchecked, those particles can become plaque, which then becomes tartar, and that tartar turns into gingivitis, cavities, tooth loss, or worse. Pay attention to your dental professional and include flossing in your daily oral hygiene.

  1. It’s okay for pregnant women to ignore bleeding gums.

There are many bodily changes that occur during a woman’s pregnancy, and one of them includes a condition known as “pregnancy gingivitis.” It doesn’t occur for every pregnant woman, but it has been known to result in bleeding gums. However, it is not something to be dismissed.

Typically, bleeding gums are a sign of gum disease. That’s serious enough to not ignore, so being pregnant shouldn’t mean it’s okay to let it slide. Regular brushing and flossing will help keep bleeding gums at bay, but a checkup with a dental health professional is the best course of action, just in case.

  1. Going to the dentist will be a painful experience.

It’s understandable that many people wish to avoid pain. And one prior bad experience can haunt you for the rest of your life. We have a tendency to over dramatize things that we fear. The bottom line is, if you maintain a regular routine of oral health, your visits to the dentist will be of minimal to no pain at all.

Even if you wind up experiencing pain, it’s important to remember that your oral health professional is here to help. And once it’s all over you will thank him or her. Unfortunately, a lot of people haven’t seen a dentist in years, and this is where a painful experience can come into play. But if you talk to your dentist about your fears, you will at least get the truth about what will occur during your visit, and there may even be pain-free methods to your oral care available.

  1. Silver-based oral fillings are a health risk.

There is some truth to this claim, but, as always, it comes with a caveat. The issue with silver-based oral fillings lies in the mercury that they are made from. If mercury leaks out into the mouth, it can lead to autoimmune and chronic diseases. This can happen with people who grind their teeth, drink hot or carbonated beverages, or chew a lot of gum.

Because the potential of a mercury leak is dangerous, many modern fillings no longer use silver. Old fillings made of silver can be replaced in a timely manner, but there’s no need to panic. One or two fillings are not as dangerous as an entire row of teeth made with silver fillings. However, if you are still concerned, consult with your dentist about replacements.

  1. Bad breath is a sign of gum disease.

Bad breath has been known to be a sign of gum disease, but that doesn’t mean one always follows the other. In fact, it could be a sign of other complications. For example, it could be digestive issues, acid reflux, bowel obstruction, or something else. The best way to know for sure is to consult with your dentist or primary care physician.

  1. Brushing bleeding gums will only make them worse.

It’s understandable that you may not want to irritate an issue that already looks bad. If your gums are bleeding, the chances of it being from lack of proper care are greater than being from excessive care. The truth is, the cleaner your entire mouth is, the less likelihood of plaque buildup all around. Bleeding gums could be a sign of gingivitis, but continued routine oral maintenance is a good way to offset it. However, the best course of action is to visit with your dentist to determine preventative care.

  1. White teeth are healthy teeth.

While white teeth may be more aesthetically pleasing, they don’t act as the standard bearer for complete oral health. It’s possible to have white teeth that are healthy, but image isn’t everything. And teeth are not the only measure of total oral health. Some teeth also discolor with age, and that doesn’t necessarily affect health either. Pay attention to your gums, roots, jawbone, and other issues by maintaining regular dental checkups.

  1. Diet has no effect on oral health.

Diet plays more than just a role in your overall health. And believe it or not, oral health plays a large role in your overall health as well. Poor dental health can contribute to heart disease, strokes, and more. Eating right will also have a positive impact on your oral health, and not just limited to your teeth, but gums, jawbone, and breath as well.

Contact us for Professional Dental Care Today

Debunking oral health myths may be one thing, but actually maintaining positive oral health with regular dental visits is another. If you would like to schedule a visit with us or want answers to any other common oral health myths, contact the oral health professionals at Century Stone Dental today.

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Each dentist visit provides the patient the opportunity to learn more about their oral health, get tips and advice from a medical professional and otherwise provide themselves with the comfort of knowing they’re in good hands with the dental professional they’ve selected for care.

How to Get the Most From Your Dental Checkup

Sadly, many patients fail to take full advantage of the dental visits. Some assume the dentist is there to provide them an exam, a filling, a cleaning or what have you and move on to the next patient. The truth is the dentist can help you reinvent your oral hygiene and health if you allow.

Follow these 11 tips to make the most of every visit to the dentist.

1- Prepare for the Dental Visit

Dental fears are very real and inhibit many people from visiting the dentist regularly or from acquiring the exact dental care necessary. Prepare for the visit and many of those worries are void. Many ways to prepare for a dental exam exist, each easing the stress and frustration of the visit so you get the care that you came for.

Make a list of the medications that you take and any health conditions affecting your life. It is important that the dentist knows both of these pieces of information before he provides care.

2- Write a List of Questions/Concerns for the Dentist

It is easy to forget important questions or concerns we have for the dentist once we arrive at the office. Ensure this does not occur by creating a simple checklist of the questions and concerns you’d like to ask and discuss in depth with your dentist.  Ask questions about anything related to your oral health and care and get the answers that you deserve!

3- Try to Relax

It is not easy to get the proper dental care when you’re nervous, anxious, or otherwise tense during the visit. It is important to relax, unwind and trust the professional selected to provide care to do just that.  

4- Ask About Alternatives

Although dentists may recommend a particle brand or service, patients are in no way obligated to use them. It is ideal for patients to ask about alternatives that may work just as well at a lesser cost.

Dental care is sometimes expensive, but the alternatives reduce costs and keep prices reasonable. Don’t put off the dental care needed for great oral health due to cost restraints when there are many alternatives available.

5- Ask for Toothbrush/Toothpaste Recommendations

It is important to purchase an approved fluoride toothpaste to brush your teeth with, but some products provide better results than others. Ask your dentist for product recommendations. Sometimes it is worth spending a little extra for the best oral healthcare products. You don’t get a second chance at that great smile!

6- Arrive on Time

It is important to arrive at the dentist office on-time for the visit. Preferably, arrive 15-minutes early. Early arrival provides time to familiarize yourself with the waiting area and the office, which can alleviate some of the tension of the visit. Prompt, timely arrival also ensures that you get the care that you need without waiting for long period for the dentist or delaying other patients.

7- Let Go of Embarrassment

Some patients are embarrassed that they’ve let their oral health slip, that it’s been awhile since they seen a dentist and as result of many other blunders. They let this embarrassment stand in the way of sharing accurate personal information with their dentist. This leads to improper dental care! It is important that you are always honest and upfront with your dental professional.

8- Ask for Home Care Oral Health Tips

The dentist loves to discuss oral health with patients, especially if that advice leads to better at-home care. Visiting the dentist is important, but it is equally important that proper care of the teeth, mouth and the gums occurs at home, too. Show the dentist your interest in receiving these oral health tips and he’ll gladly divulge any information that you’d like to know.

9- Visit the Dentist Regularly

Two visits to the dentist each year is all that it takes to prevent many potential problems and treat oral health concerns before they become major issues. It is important to visit the dentist between these visits if you experience dental concerns such as a cracked tooth, spot a cavity, or even suspect oral cancer. Delaying dental care is never advisable, as it only worsens the problem and may add unnecessary stress to the day. When regular visits are scheduled with the dentist, he can better treat any problems as they arise.

10- Know What to Expect

We fear the unknown. Reduce some of the worry that a dental visit brings and learn what to expect. Plenty of information is available on the dentist’s website  and through various online websites. The dental office itself will also happily answer questions if you give them a call and inquire. Ask friend, family member, etc. more about the particular type of visit you’re preparing for as well. Oftentimes it is these people who provide us with the best information. Don’t be shy and get the inside scoop.

11- Investigate Before the Visit

The more that you know about the dentist, the more comfortable the visit will be. Visit the dental practice’s social media pages, website, etc. ahead of the visit to gain that insight that you want.  Browse the web for reviews and customer testimonials about the dental practice as well. An abundance of information is available that can help you ease into the dental visit with ease if you use it to your advantage.

Contact Us for Professional Dental Care

Taking care of our patients is what we do best at Century Stone Dental. If you have questions or are ready to schedule an appointment with the dentist, give us a call today! We’d love to see you in our office smiling beautiful and with our state-of-the-art dental care, that’s only one visit away.

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Oral Health Tips for Your Family

Good oral hygiene reduces cavities, keeps bad breath at bay and reduces the risk that you’ll lose teeth or wear dentures later in life. But, good oral hygiene involves far more than brushing your teeth twice daily (thought of considerable importance.) Set a goal to maintain the best oral hygiene possible, using the 12 tips below to reach a new level of exceptional oral health.

1- Brush Your Teeth for 2-Minutes

Don’t rush to brush! Spend two minutes of your time, twice per day, brushing your teeth! This simple act protects your teeth and ensures a lifetime of the best oral health. Brush the front and back of the teeth and don’t forget the teeth in the back of your mouth. Set a timer to ensure that you’ve brushed for the right amount of time.

2- Brush Your Tongue

Your tongue is very absorbent and as result, harbors millions of bacteria. The only way to remove the bacteria is by brushing your tongue. There are specialty brushes available if you’d prefer a product specific for tongue-brushing, although your toothbrush should suit the job if you don’t wish to make the purchase.

3- Choose the Right Toothpaste

Choose a toothpaste labeled with the CDA Seal. this seal ensures that product that you’ve chosen will deliver the benefits they claim since they are backed by scientific research. Whitening toothpastes, minty-fresh, tartar fighting, sensitive teeth formula, and many other varieties of toothpaste sold on the shelves at healthcare stores contain the CDA Seal. Browse the options and choose a toothpaste the meets your oral health needs.

4- Drink More Water

Water is the best thirst-quencher around. It contains fluoride which is important for your teeth. Best of all, it is absolutely free if you pour from the tap. Drinking water rinses off any sugars or food particles stuck-on the teeth, reduces the amount of sugary sweet drinks you consume, and has a slew of additional health benefits. Unarguably, water is the best drink that you can reach for.

5- Replace Your Toothbrush

Your toothbrush is a breeding ground for germs and bacteria. Not only should you keep your toothbrush (a minimum) of 10-ft. From a toilet, it is best that it is covered as well. Additionally, replace the toothbrush every three months to ensure effective cleaning. The bristles on the toothbrush wears as it is used. When the bristles are worn, it is time to replace the toothbrush!

6- Floss Your Teeth

Floss removes plaque buildup from between the teeth that your toothbrush misses. Along with properly brushing your teeth for two minutes, twice daily, it is equally important to floss. Children as young as two years old can floss, though most dentists recommend waiting until the child is about six years old.

7- Change Your Snacking Habits

Snacking is an important part of the day, but don’t grab a chocolate cupcake or a handful of M&Ms to satisfy your hunger until mealtime. Healthy snacks satisfy your hunger and reduce acidic attacks that these snacks cause on the teeth. Apples are always a top snack, but there are dozens of healthy options that are better for you and better for your teeth.

8- Children Need Early Oral Care

It is never to early to provide your child with good oral health care.  In fact, the earlier that you start showing them the steps to good oral health, the better. Children should visit the dentist for the first time by the age of one and parents should start brushing the gums/teeth with a specially-designed soft-bristled toothbrush at about six months old. An early start on oral health care sets your little one up for a lifetime of good oral care and fewer cavities.

9- Rinse Your Mouth After Your Eat

Rinsing your mouth is important after every meal or snack that you consume. A little bit of water is all that is necessary to rinse the mouth. Some people choose to eat an apple after a meal. As you have heard for years, an apple a day keeps the doctor away, but it make the dentist very happy as well. Apples even reduce the risk of cavities. Even better for cleaning the teeth is an antiseptic rinse. Use this rinse after a meal or a snack and remove a good amount of the bacteria from the mouth and teeth.

10- Limit Soda, Coffee & Alcohol

Each of these beverages is hazardous to your teeth and good oral health. They all stain the teeth, causing your pearly whites to have an unpleasant, sometimes embarrassing, appearance. They also contain acids and other ingredients that can erode the enamel on the teeth and cause cavities. Water is always the best beverage to quench your thirst, but there are many others far better than soda, coffee or alcohol.

11- Don’t Be Shy

Your dentist is an oral health care expert who is there to offer you care in every way possible. He is not a physic however, and can provide care based only on results of his examinations and the questions that you ask. Don’t worry that you are a bother to the dentist. When you need answers, have concerns or need more information, let the dentist know!

12- Visit the Dentist

Two yearly visits to Century Stone Dental helps prevent oral health concerns and treat those that already exist. The dentist will provide an examination of the mouth during these visits. A tooth cleaning is also provided. In addition to the 11 tips above, make sure to schedule these visits for yourself and your family once every six months.

In the meantime, if there are dental concerns affecting your teeth, mouth or gums in between these visits, schedule an appointment with us before your regular check-up. Prolonging dental care will only cause the problems to worsen. Don’t take that risk when your smile is at-large.

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Infant Teeth – 6 Tips on Baby Tooth Care

by on October 30, 2017 | Posted in Blog

So your baby begins acting cranky, and one morning you notice a tooth poking out of their little gums. Finally! This explains why they were acting this way. Now comes the challenge – how do you take care of these new infant teeth? How do you prevent tooth decay? Here are 6 tips on how to take care of your baby’s teeth.

1. Start Early

You don’t have to wait until the first tooth pops out. You should start getting your baby used to having their mouths cleaned on a regular basis. You can do this by using a damp cloth and wiping your baby’s gums and gently massaging them. There are also contraptions you can buy that look like thimbles you put over your finger. Both ways are just as effective.

2. Take Care of Infant Teeth Right Away

Baby teeth are just as important as adult teeth. They are place holders until the permanent teeth come in and if these place holders are taken out, it can negatively affect the permanent dentition. Once you notice that your baby has sprouted some pearly whites, please take care of them right away. This means brushing them on a regular basis, twice per day. You don’t need toothpaste, however if you want it, make sure it’s not fluoridated.

3. Avoid Cavities

Doing dental work on small children is no easy task. Along with brushing your child’s teeth regularly, it is important that you do not put your baby to bed with a bottle of milk. Milk has sugar, and when the milk pools in your child’s mouth, it will start the decay the teeth. It will begin as discolouration, followed by pitting and possible discomfort for the child. Also, limiting sweet juices helps.

4. Give Water After Meals

Just like adults, when we have something sugary or acidic – it’s a very good idea to have some water to wash away and food debris and neutralize the mouth. When a child is little, it is easy to help them clean their mouth after every meal. Simply offer water, and that will take away most food particles that can cause tooth decay

5. Start with Toothpaste at Age 2

Around age 2 is when you may need to make brushing more fun. This is when the child can get picky around brushing their teeth. However, flavoured non-fluoridated toothpaste can help them make the process a little bit more fun. Do not use fluoridated toothpaste until at least age 3 – this is when the child can spit out the toothpaste. However, sometimes that can be later on, around age 4 or 5.

6. Schedule a Check-Up

You can have your child become more comfortable in a dental chair by taking them to your appointments and letting them “ride in the chair”. They can see that the dentist isn’t a scary place. Of course try not to use phrases like “don’t be afraid” as that may give them a reason to be afraid. Most dentists like to see children around their 3rd birthday provided there is good home care.


If you have any questions about how to care for your child’s teeth, please call our office or ask your Dental Hygienist at the next visit!

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You work so hard to keep your teeth and gums healthy. You floss (almost) everyday and brush your teeth twice a day. Did you ever think that some of the foods that you eat affect the health of your teeth? You will be surprised when you read the list of some of the worst food for your teeth.

The Worst Food for Your Teeth

  1. Citrus Fruit – This food in general has many great health benefits, but these benefits do not include being good for your teeth. Foods like lemons, grapefruits or oranges contain a lot of acid which can erode tooth enamel over time.
  2. Chewy Candy – The general rule is that the sticker it is, the worse it is. These types of candy stick to and in between your teeth allowing bacteria to have a picnic in your mouth. The sugar is also converted into acid which affects your tooth enamel which can result in cavities.
  3. Pickles – The acid used to pickle the cucumbers is what is makes pickles one of the worst foods for your teeth. Just like citrus fruit, the acid from the pickles can erode tooth enamel over time.
  4. Soda – OK, this one may not surprise you. Most people know that any sugary drink can cause cavities, however what you may not know is that most sodas are also acidic. At times the acid in the drinks can be more harmful than the sugar that is in the soda.
  5. Wine – Not only are wines acidic, but they also enhance the dreaded discolouration of your teeth. It’s no secret that red wine leaves your teeth stained, but what you may not know is that the wine tannins tend to dry your mouth out which worsens the stains.
  6. Crackers – The carbohydrates in crackers quickly turn into sugar in the mouth providing food to the infamous bacteria living in your mouth. On top of that, crackers are mushy when eaten and can get easily lodged in between teeth.
  7. Coffee – This one may disappoint many of you. Coffee is a huge stain causing food, even worse than tobacco.
  8. Tea – Thought you were out of the woods because your drink tea? Not so fast! Black tea is actually worse than coffee. Additionally it contains tannins (like red wine), which can enhance tooth stains.

Now that you know which foods are the worst for your teeth, you can be more conscious when making the decision to eat/drink them. Keep in mind that any of the above items, in moderation, will not cause extensive tooth damage. However, doing things like chewing sugar-free gum and drinking lots of water can counteract the effects of the worst foods for your teeth.

To find out what foods are beneficial to your teeth, visit the Ontario Dental Association’s website.

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Invisible Braces | Invisalign Clear Aligners

by on September 21, 2017 | Posted in Blog

Everything You Need To Know About Invisible Braces!

Those straight teeth you’ve been dreaming of may no longer require a set of bulky metal braces. With Invisalign invisible braces, you can get a Hollywood smile without the typical hassle of unattractive wire and bracket braces. Barely visible, Invisalign will enhance self-esteem and confidence all while aligning your teeth!

If you want to enhance your smile, but are worried about the appearance and inconvenience of regular braces, then Invisalign might be right for you!

Here’s everything you need to know about invisible braces:

How is Invisalign/invisible braces different from regular metal braces?

First and foremost, Invisalign is invisible! That means you don’t have to worry about feeling self-conscious about your smile.  Getting braces as an adult can seem daunting, but with Invisalign you won’t need to worry about tackling social situations with your braces because your friends won’t even know you’re wearing any.

Secondly, unlike regular braces where you need to avoid eating any sticky or tough foods that will damage your appliance, Invisalign aligners are removable! When you want to enjoy a special treat or bite into your favourite foods you can remove your aligners just like that. But that’s not even the best part…

With Invisalign, you can see virtual results before your treatment even begins. That’s right! You’ll know exactly how your smile will turn out if you follow each step in your Invisalign treatment.

How does it work?

Invisalign uses a series of lab-fabricated aligners to straighten your teeth over a fixed period of time.  The first step in your Invisalign treatment is a consultation with your dentist. He or she will need to determine whether or not Invisalign is right for your mouth. From there, your dentist will take impressions to build your custom-fit aligners.

Over the course of your treatment, you will be supplied with a series of aligners. Each aligner will be slightly different from the last in order to slowly adjust the position of your teeth in a way that is pre-mapped by your dentist. Your dentist will be able to show you the slight changes that are expected for your teeth at each stage of the process before they even happen.

In order to complete your Invisalign treatment successfully, aligners must be worn at least 20 hours a day and should only be removed for eating, brushing and flossing.

How much does it cost?

The cost of Invisalign invisible braces is often similar to the cost of regular metal braces though with all the perks Invisalign offers, the choice should be a no-brainer. Invisalign treatment is faster, innovative and virtually invisible!

Invisalign offers treatment no other brands of clear aligners are capable of. With proprietary, multilayer SmartTrack® material, proven to fit better and more comfortably, Invisalign is the most advanced clear aligner system in the world.

The cost of Invisalign can range anywhere from $3,000 to $8,000 CAD. This is determined by the condition of your teeth and gums, the length of your treatment and your orthodontic insurance coverage.

For a better idea of how much you can expect to spend on Invisalign, check out the Invisalign Cost Calculator.

What happens after my treatment?

Once your Invisalign treatment is complete you can say goodbye to your invisible braces aligners for good!

In order to prevent your teeth from shifting back to their natural position, we recommend wearing a retainer. There are two different retainers we offer our patients. The first is a lingual wire retainer. The lingual wire retainer is permanent and is bonded to the back of the teeth. It cannot be removed and therefore you do not need to worry about remembering to put the retainer in or take it out. With a lingual wire retainer regular flossing is crucial as the wire can collect food, tartar and plaque.

The second form of retainer is a Vivera® retainer. A Vivera® retainer is made by the makers of Invisalign using the same technology. These retainers are custom-made and are to be worn nightly. Forgetting to wear your Vivera® retainer will cause your teeth to shift.

Contact us to schedule your Invisalign consultation!

If you have any questions about Invisalign invisible braces or if you’d like to schedule an appointment for a consultation, please don’t hesitate to get in touch with us. We’d love to hear from you!

Call 905-545-4833 or email us at info@centurystonedental.com to get started today!

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Oral Health and Aging: 6 Things to Lookout For

by on September 14, 2017 | Posted in Blog

As you age, it becomes increasingly important that you take care of yourself. With age, your body experiences changes from wrinkles to grey hair. But did you know that the changes you experience as you become older can have all sorts of effects on oral health too?

Turns out, oral health and aging go hand in hand. As you age, the wear and tear on your smile can become more prominent if you are not actively taking steps to keep your teeth and gums in check. Brushing your teeth at least twice a day and flossing regularly will work wonders for your gums. But on the contrary, neglecting your oral care routine will cause all kinds of health problems that can’t be fixed with a simple trip to the dentist.

If you are an adult 65 years of age or older, you should be paying extra attention to your oral health. Be on the lookout for these 6 oral health concerns:


6 Oral Health Concerns to Lookout for as You Age


  1. Discolouration

Most often, tooth darkening occurs as a natural effect of aging. With age, the outer hard substance covering your teeth, called enamel, wears away to expose the dentin hiding beneath it. Dentin is darker in colour and, as enamel wears away, can make teeth appear gray or yellow rather than white.

The best way to prevent this from happening to you is to try your best to protect your enamel by avoiding acidic beverages, rinsing your mouth regularly and minimizing symptoms of GERD or acid reflux.


  1. Dry Mouth

Dry mouth, or Xerostomia, is more prevalent in the aging population. Though many believe dry mouth is a normal part of aging – it is not. Experts claim the main reason that dry mouth is more prevalent in those 65 and older is because this age group consumes more medications compared with the rest of the population, and many of these medications cause Xerostomia.

Ultimately, dry mouth happens when you are not producing enough saliva to keep your mouth wet. This can cause a number of health related problems when it comes to teeth and gums as saliva contains minerals like calcium and phosphate that protect the teeth’s enamel.

If you are experiencing dry mouth, try rinsing your mouth with water more frequently and/or holding water in your mouth for ten seconds before swallowing to help increase saliva flow. If you believe your symptoms of dry mouth are caused by a medication, talk to your doctor about altering your dosage or prescribing an alternate medication.


  1. Cavities

As you age, the nerves in your teeth become smaller, making you less sensitive to cavities and other oral health concerns. If you are 65 years of age or older, you should continue to visit your dentist regularly to be certain your teeth you are cavity free.

It’s also vital that you have a good toothbrush and that you USE IT to brush your teeth twice a day… minimum!

In some of our older patients, we have noticed that muscle aches and pains have caused them to abandon their oral care routine all together.   That said, with age comes osteoporosis, arthritis and other muscle – or movement – related health issues that can make brushing challenging. If you have a health concern that makes brushing your teeth a challenge, consider an electric toothbrush to simplify the process and ensure you’re still making the most of your oral hygiene routine.


  1. Tooth Loss

Many people assume that losing teeth is a natural part of the aging process… but not so fast! You may be surprised to learn that “adult teeth” don’t die.  If you lose one of your permanent teeth, it’s likely due to tooth decay or trauma.  So when you require an implant, bridge, or even dentures to replace those missing teeth, you’re more than likely the one to blame. Tooth loss is not a sign of aging, but rather a sign that you’re neglecting to take proper care of your teeth!

If properly taken care of, your teeth can last a lifetime. Unfortunately with age, many people neglect their oral care routine and give up on diet and good health practices. I suppose that old dental quote holds true: “You don’t have to clean all your teeth every day – just the ones you want to keep.”


  1. Oral Cancer

Cancer in the mouth, throat and tongue, etc., can be life threatening if not diagnosed and treated early. According to the Canadian Cancer Society, an estimated 4,700 Canadians will be diagnosed with oral cancer by the end of 2017. Generally, the earlier oral cancer is diagnosed and treated, the better the outcome.

As you age, it’s critical that you continue to attend your regularly scheduled check-ups with your dentist. Your dentist can play an important role in the early detection of oral cancer as a dentist may notice subtle changes in the mouth that a patient might miss. In addition, an oral cancer screening will be performed by your dentist during your exam. This screening is fast and painless – and ultimately, could save your life.

If you have any of the following symptoms that persist for more than two weeks, be sure to see your dentist or your physician sooner rather than later:

  • A sore, irritation, lump, or thick patch in the mouth, lip, or throat
  • A feeling that something is caught in the throat
  • Tongue pain or numbness
  • Jaw pain or stiffness
  • Difficult or painful swallowing
  • Difficult or painful chewing
  • Swelling of the jaw that causes dentures to fit poorly or become uncomfortable
  • Pain in one ear without hearing loss
Note: Often these symptoms do not mean cancer, but it’s important to get them checked out if they persist!


  1. Periodontal (Gum) Disease

Commonly, older adults who neglect their regular dental visits find themselves suffering from gum, or periodontal disease. Periodontal disease is caused by bacteria in plaque that forms on the teeth. This plaque needs to be removed regularly or it can irritate the gums, causing them to become red, swollen, and maybe even bleed. If left untreated, this infection can spread and destroy the structures that support your teeth in your jaw bone.

The good news is that with regular dental visits gum disease can be treated or prevented entirely.

Signs of gum disease can include:

  • Gums bleeding when you brush your teeth
  • Gums that recede from your teeth
  • Bad Breathe
  • Loose teeth
  • Sensitive teeth
  • Tender, swollen gums


Bottom Line: There is a strong relationship between oral health and aging. If you let your age get in the way of a proper oral health care routine, you run the risk of effecting your physical health as a whole.

If you are 65 years of age or older and haven’t visited the dentist in the past 6 to 9 months, its time you get back on track!

Call us today at (905)-545-4833 to book your next appointment.

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You’ve probably heard your dentist talk about “tooth enamel” at some point during your last visit. And though the topic comes up relatively often at our dental practice, we have come to notice that not all patients know what we’re talking about when we explain the importance of protecting tooth enamel!

Are you ever confused when your dentist talks about tooth enamel? Do you know what it is? How important it is? How you can protect it?

To help our patients understand how to effectively protect their teeth from decay, we’ve put together a beginner’s guide to all things tooth enamel!

What is tooth enamel?

Tooth enamel is the hard outer surface of your teeth that protects your teeth from decay.  It is made up mostly of minerals, primarily hydroxyapatite, and its colour can vary from a light yellow to a grayish white.


What is tooth enamel made of


Tooth enamel is considered the hardest substance in your body and is even stronger than bone!

Why is it important to protect tooth enamel?

Despite its strength, everyday foods can put enamel at risk and believe it or not, we can’t regrow tooth enamel. Your body can help strengthen the enamel that you have, but it can’t remake it once it’s gone! That’s why it’s important to protect the tooth enamel that you have.

If your teeth start losing their outer shell, you might notice:

  • Sensitivity to hot, cold, or sweet foods or drinks
  • Smooth, shiny surfaces on the teeth, a sign of mineral loss
  • Cupping, or dents, that show up where you bit or chew
  • Rough or uneven edges on the teeth, which can crack or chip when they lose their enamel
  • Yellow teeth

Luckily, there are natural ways you can protect your tooth enamel to ensure your teeth and gums stay healthy for life!


How to protect tooth enamel naturally:


  1. Watch out for dry mouth

    Xerostomia, or chronic dry mouth, is a medical condition that can pose problems for your mouth as a whole, and your tooth enamel specifically.  Your saliva contains minerals like calcium and phosphate, that maintain and protect your teeth’s enamel. However, when you have dry mouth, your spit levels are low – making your mouth dry – and when your mouth has less saliva, your enamel and teeth are more vulnerable than when you have a mouthful of spit.

    To increase your mouth’s production of saliva, you need to chew!

    Chew your food more thoroughly while eating and lightly snack or chew gym between meals.

  2. Minimize acid reflux, GERD or heartburn

    If you have been diagnosed with acid reflux, GERD or heartburn, your dental health might be at risk. Gastroesophageal acid reflux disease, or GERD, can bring stomach acids back up from the stomach and into the mouth, damaging your teeth in the process.

    If you suffer from acid reflux, ensure you follow your doctor’s orders. Minimizing symptoms by eating non-triggering foods will keep stomach acid at bay and protect, not only your esophagus, but your teeth as well!

  3. Rinse your mouth often

    Rinse your mouth out with water after each meal. This will wash away any food debris in your mouth and help prevent cavities.

    Rinsing your mouth is particularly important after eating sugary or acidic foods that will destroy tooth enamel if they are left to sit on your teeth for too long.

  1. Chew sugar-free gum

    Chew sugar-free gum between, or after meals to stimulate the flow of saliva. Saliva washes acid off your teeth and protects your enamel all day long.

    Sugar-free gum does not have any sugar and its taste is added using sweeteners. Therefore, the gum does not cause tooth decay. Chewing gum will also help protect your teeth and gums between meals when you may not be able to brush with a toothbrush and a fluoride type toothpaste.

  2. Avoid citrus, fruit juices, alcoholic beverages

    Having an acid-rich diet can put your tooth enamel at risk of acid erosion. In fact, as few as four acidic instances throughout the day is all it takes to damage enamel.

    The foods that you drink and consume can cause the most damage. According to the National Institute of Health (NIH), soft drinks are the most frequent source of erosive acids, due to their high acidity and frequency of consumption. Other drinks like fruit juice, sports drinks and energy drinks can also damage your teeth through acidic erosion.

    Dairy is a fantastic tool in the fight against acid erosion. Dairy is not acidic, and does not harm tooth enamel. It also improves saliva production which naturally cleans teeth of debris and restores the mouth back to a healthy ph balance.

    ph scale acid erosion

    This ph scale can help you determine which of your favourite foods are damaging your enamel.

One of the best ways to protect your teeth’s enamel is to work with your dentist.

If you’re struggling to protect your teeth’s enamel, give us a call today at (905)-545-4833. Our dental team can help you detect erosion and offer tips on ways you can reduce it.





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You could be damaging your teeth without even knowing it! Your bad habits might just be prompting cavities, oral infections and even costly dental repairs. Unfortunately, many people don’t even realize the seriousness of their bad habits until it’s too late.

Here are 5 bad dental habits that are harming your oral health:


Tooth Grinding and Jaw Clenching

Grinding your teeth or excessively clenching your jaw can pose a wide range of problems when it comes to your oral health.  This bad habit, also known as bruxism, can chip tooth enamel, cause severe facial or jaw pain, incite tension-type headaches and can even result in broken or fractured teeth that require crowns or replacements with dental implants. Most often, grinding teeth or jaw clenching is caused by stress or by sleep disordered breathing.

All too often, people who grind their teeth don’t even know they’re doing it as tooth grinding often happens while asleep!

So how can you know if you’re grinding your teeth? Some symptoms include:

  • Loose teeth
  • A sore, tired jaw
  • Neck aches, earaches and headaches
  • A clicking sound when you open and close your mouth

If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it’s best you see your dentist as soon as possible. Your dentist will work with you to find ways to minimize your tooth grinding. This could include a bite adjustment or recommending a night guard made to fit over your teeth to help prevent damage caused by grinding your teeth or clenching your jaw while you sleep.
If you find yourself clenching your teeth during the day, this is a habit you can control! Make a conscious effort to keep your teeth slightly apart while your jaw is relaxed and/or practice meditation to alleviate stress.


Nail Biting

You already know nail biting is a bad nervous habit; it can cause severe damage to both you nails and your cuticles – but did you realize nail biting is even harmful to your teeth! Biting your nails can cause your teeth to shift out of place, become misshapen, and even weaken them over time.

The Academy of General Dentistry estimates that frequent nail biters may rack up $4,000 in additional dental bills over the course of their lifetime

To kick this bad habit, try using bitter-tasting nail polishes or chewing sugar-free gum to keep your teeth busy.


Thumb Sucking

Thumb sucking at a young age, particularly before children begin teething, is a natural habit and will not harm your child’s teeth. However, after the age of five or six, when permanent teeth begin to come in, thumb sucking can cause lasting changes to booth tooth and jaw structure.

Prolonged thumb sucking can cause crooked teeth, overcrowding, or a bite that doesn’t fit together properly.

If your child has permanent teeth and continues to suck his or her thumb, it’s time you find a way to put an end to this bad habit. If you child continues this habit after the age of five or six, make an appointment with your family dentist so he or she can explain the effects thumb sucking has on their oral health and the future appearance of their smile.


Neglecting to Floss

I’m sure you hear it from your dentist all the time, but it’s very important that you remember to floss! Flossing plays a vital role in dental health. While a toothbrush is efficient at cleaning the tops and outer surfaces of the teeth and gums, floss is designed specifically to clean the tight spaces between the teeth in areas that your toothbrush can’t reach.

The places where the gums and teeth meet are where flossing plays its major role. Tiny particles of food can get lodged here, and plaque in this area will harden and accrete over time to form tartar, a thick deposit that only the dentist can remove with a scraper. Tartar buildup can lead to gingivitis: red, swollen gums that are the first stage of gum disease. If left unchecked, the bacteria-laden tartar and plaque can spread even deeper below the gum line, causing periodontitis: severe gum disease characterized by severe inflammation and eventual tooth and bone loss [source].

Flossing at least three times a week will keep your gums strong and healthy!


Brushing Too Hard

Brushing your teeth for two minutes twice a day is one of the best habits you can get into… but watch out for too much of a good thing!

Brushing too hard, or with the wrong toothbrush won’t only irritate your gums – it can also damage your teeth! Brushing too vigorously can wear down tooth enamel, harm your gums, make your teeth sensitive to cold and can even cause cavities. So don’t go to town on your teeth! Many people believe that brushing harder is better – but that’s nowhere near the truth. Plaque is soft and loose so there’s no need to scrub. To fix this, replace the word “toothbrush” with “tooth massage”. When you are “brushing” your teeth, you should actually be “massaging” your teeth with your brush to work off all that clingy tartar.

Moreover, ensure you are brushing with a soft-bristle brush. Bristles should be able to bend easily to reach under the gum. Hard-bristle brushes can be dangerous as they can wear down the structure of your tooth.


Do you have any of these oral health harming habits? If you can change your ways, you’ll give your dental health a huge boost!

If you’re worried you have one or more of these bad habits – we can help you break them! To learn more about breaking these habits, visit Century Stone Dental for a consultation, or contact us at (905)-545-4833.

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