Complications with Wisdom Teeth
The back of the mouth is often much more crowded, leaving a narrow space for the teeth to erupt. When a wisdom tooth doesn’t have enough room to come in, it’s considered impacted. The tooth may become twisted, lean to the side or become displaced as it struggles to emerge from the gum line. If you have had braces in the past, it is a good idea to get your molars removed before they move other teeth around to make room for growing in.
There are different degrees of impaction, from minimal to severe. Below are the most common types of impactions:
- Soft tissue impaction occurs when the wisdom tooth emerges from the jawbone, but never erupts through the gum line
- Partial impaction occurs when the wisdom tooth only partially erupts from the gum line
- Complete bony impaction occurs when the wisdom tooth is encased in the jaw bone and never emerges
Impacted wisdom teeth of any degree can lead to infection and gum disease if left untreated. It’s possible to have an impacted tooth and not experience any symptoms. This lends to the importance of regular visits to your dentist to keep an eye on the progress of the developing teeth. Extraction is usually recommended for impacted wisdom teeth to prevent infection and complications.
It is possible that your teeth emerge fine, but may not have enough room to sit comfortably inside the mouth. Without enough space, your wisdom teeth can push against your other molars. They may lean or tilt, and this can lead to problems with the nerves, jawbone or adjacent teeth.
If crowding occurs, your dentist may recommend wisdom tooth extraction for preventative purposes so you don’t develop complications with your teeth later.
Signs of Infection:
Impacted wisdom teeth don’t always cause symptoms of an underlying problem. If you do develop symptoms, it’s likely that the gum around the impacted tooth has become affected. Symptoms of infection include:
- Inflammation of the gum over and around the impacted tooth
- Pain in the gum line, jaw or temples
- Bleeding gums
- Fever and chills
- Swollen lymph nodes
- Jaw stiffness or trouble completely opening the mouth
In some cases, pain and discomfort from an infected wisdom tooth can become severe. Unless removed, impacted wisdom teeth can lead to gum disease and decay. Regular dental visits and routine x-rays can catch problems with your molars early.
This is a dental infection caused when a wisdom tooth can’t fully erupt. Partial or incomplete eruption allows food and plaque to get inside the gum tissue. It becomes lodged inside and allows bacteria to cause an infection. If this is the case, the gum tissue can become very irritated and swollen.
People often experience a bad taste in the mouth that won’t go away with brushing, mouthwash or using breath fresheners. They may also have bad breath or notice discharge from the area around the affected tooth.
If you develop any of these symptoms, consult your dentist or doctor right away. Antibiotics are sometimes required to cure pericoronitis.
Contact Us for Wisdom Tooth Removal in Hamilton
It is important for patients between their late teens and early twenties to visit the dentist to get their back molars examined before they grow in. If these teeth appear to be misaligned or overcrowded, they may require removal to avoid further complications. Schedule an appointment for wisdom teeth removal in Hamilton when you call our office today. Our staff is happy to answer any questions you have before getting started on this treatment or about any of the other services we offer.